The U.S. Treasury Department („Treasury”) and the IRS regularly publish updates that announce jurisdictions with an IGA in effect, through a listing on the Treasury and IRS websites. This list also includes legal systems that, for the most part, have agreements with the United States on the terms of the IGA and have agreed to appear on the site, although these agreements have not been signed. The most recent summary list of countries that have signed the IGAs and negotiating countries so far is available on the left in this article. The development of intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) on the implementation of tax reporting and retention procedures and FATCA-related sources continues. The U.S. Treasury has issued standard agreements for the implementation of FATCA. These agreements will form the basis of negotiations between the United States and FATCA partner countries. They will continue to be updated as more IGAs are announced.
In addition to the countries that have signed IGAs, the U.S. Treasury will treat an IGA as „in force” with a partner jurisdiction if the United States has reached an agreement on the merits. The IGA is simply a shortcut to an intergovernmental agreement. To implement FATCA, the U.S. government has developed two forms of AIG: the Model 1 and Model 2 agreements. As part of a Model 1 agreement, foreign financial institutions report information about U.S.-related accounts to their national tax administration. The national tax authority then forwards this information to the U.S. government. Many Model 1 IGAs also include An Appendix II that lists country-specific financial institutions that are issued as compliant. In some countries, AIG Model 2 has addressed concerns that the FATCA regime may violate local or national laws. Under a Type 2 agreement, the financial body can provide information directly to the IRS.
ALERT: Updated Withholding Foreign Partnership (WP) and Withholding Foreign Trust (WT) Agreements have been published and published on the FATCA website. The two updated agreements are presented in the 2014-47 PDF Income Procedure, which updates and replaces the WP and WT agreements, originally published as the 2003-64 income procedure, 2003-2 C.B 306. FATCA requires foreign financial institutions (FFIs) to report information to the IRS on the financial accounts of U.S. taxpayers or foreign companies in which U.S. taxpayers hold a significant stake. FFI are invited to either register directly with the IRS to comply with FATCA rules (and, if applicable, FFI agreements), or to comply with FATCA agreements (IGA), which are considered effective in their legal systems. Information on fatca rules and administrative guidelines for FATCA and information on taxpayer obligations can be found on the INTERNAL Revenue Service`s FATCA page. The IGA Global Summary provides a general summary of all countries with substance agreements or agreements that are published directly with updates to the Fatca Resource Center of the U.S. Treasury Department.